Michael Jackson Death – Clinical Trials Show There Was Little Hope
This is my site Written by Alex on June 26, 2009 – 3:04 pm   

The death of Michael Jackson from what appears to be sudden cardiac arrest could probably not have not been prevented if a home automated external defibrillator (AED) had been applied to revive his heart rather than simply receiving CPR. Keep this in mind in the next few days as you hear more and more medical professionals give opinions about how his death might have been prevented: A home defibrillator in all likelihood would not have saved Michael Jackson if he suffered from sudden cardiac arrest.

That’s according to a two-year-long clinical trial ending in 2005 conducted on 7,001 subjects at 178 sites around the world.  The study found that subjects suffering from sudden cardiac arrest did not have a survival rate significantly higher than if they had been treated with a home AED in addition to and before CPR. While defibrillators are commonly found in many public place, such as airports, and they are effective in treating patients who suffer a heart attack, they are not as effective in saving people who have sudden cardiac arrest. In sudden cardiac arrest the heart stops beating unexpectedly depriving the heart and other organs with blood. A heart attack is loss of blood supply to the heart muscle alone.

“Cardiac arrest is a top killer of Americans, and this study shows that the strategies of placing an AED in the home and of being prepared to give CPR are equally effective at saving lives in a population at risk for sudden cardiac arrest,” said Elizabeth G. Nabel, M.D., the director of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute said about the 2005 trial. “The important message here is that every minute counts, and quick action is key. Use an AED if one is handy or perform CPR — and always call for help by emergency medical professionals, such as by dialing 911.”

According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, which is part of the National Institutes of Health, “Every two to three minutes, someone in the United States goes into cardiac arrest, and at least 95 percent of cases end in death within a few minutes. Three out of four sudden cardiac arrests take place when the patient is at home. During sudden cardiac arrest, the heart suddenly and unexpectedly stops beating effectively; blood stops flowing to the brain and other vital organs, and the individual collapses into unconsciousness and stops breathing. Although sudden cardiac arrest is not the same as a heart attack, which is the result of a loss of blood supply to the heart muscle, a heart attack increases the risk for sudden cardiac arrest.”

To read the results of the study directly, click here to read a synopsis of the report in the New England Journal Of Medicine.

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